EFI : European Forest Institute
The network for sustainable forest management of forests.

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Walnut, Chestnut tree Read full paper...

25/ INTERREG accomplished at the IEFC

Posted byC. Orazio [2007-01-15 00:00:00]

The international conference closing the FORSEE project that took place in Porto was a success. Gathering more than 70 participants from about 10 different countries, it was in a very convivial environment that the FORSEE partners shared their experiences about the indicators for sustainable management. Several works were presented during this conference, the abstracts and presentations will be available on the IEFCweb site . The best presentations will be published on a special number of a scientific magazine, and in March all the works will be put on-line together with the regional reports of the project.
The regional outputs will be done the 30th of January in Castilla y léon, the 15th of February in Navarre and the 6th of March in Aquitaine.

A new INTERREG project for the IEFC

The DEFOR project (for the forest development) was just approved by the INTERREG SOE. The objective of this project, with a grant of 760000€ from the FEDER, an Read full paper...

24/ Overall view of the INTERREG projects on forests

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-12-22 00:00:00]

The FORSEE project (2004 -2007) : Sustainable forest management, a network of pilot zones for operational implementation

The objective of this project, leaded by the IEFC, is to test on all the pilot zones with several thousand hectares, the indicators for sustainable management in order to test its feasibility, relevance and cost. This 3 years project studied all the aspects of the sustainable management: production of goods and services, carbon, biodiversity, environment protection, supplied some new explanations about the existing monitoring tools, and dressed methodological proposals for an efficient control of the sustainable forest management at a small regional scale.

The FORESPYR project Read full paper...

23/ Non exhaustive assessment of the 6th PCRD

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-12-22 00:00:00]

This article is not to focus on all the forest projects that were done during the 6th framework, but to give our members an overview of some projects that we were informed of.

The aim of the integrated project EFORWOOD is to develop a simulator, for the policy makers, working at a regional and European scale. This tool shall supply to the policy makers an overview of the impact of their decisions on the entire European forest wood paper chain. With this ambitious project the policy makers shall be able to model over several years de economic, environmental and social consequences of the decisions taken. Based on determinist models, it will also place the decisions at a regional scale taking into account the main European forest species existing on the area.


The EVOLTREE (2006-2009) is a network which regroups 25 partners from 15 countries. The objecti Read full paper...

22/ EFI news

Posted byChristophe Orazio [2006-12-22 00:00:00]

Since the EFI changed from a Finish NGO into a governmental organisation 12 countries have already rectified its convention, thus becoming official members and making part of its council. These states are Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Turkey. Others have already signed the membership pact, but its parliament has not ratified the text yet. It is for example the case of France and Portugal. Only Finland and Spain give a financial contribution to the EFI structure. All the research and development organisations that initially formed the EFI have become associated members that continue to meet on the annual conference during September.

The IEFC, regional centre of the EFI since 2002, participates actively in the regional centres network, since the setting up of the

The new status of the EFI fits with even more legitimacy in the governmental processes. Being, thus, the speaker for th Read full paper...

21/ Three Erasmus Mundus MSc programs

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-12-20 00:00:00]

Sustainable Forest and Nature Management
The overall objective is to qualify graduates to deal with the challenges of modern natural resources management in Europe and other temperate regions, that is, sustainable management of forests and nature areas in an integrated landscape context.
See: http://www.sufonama.net

SUTROFOR Sustainable Tropical Forestry
The overall objective is to qualify graduates to deal with the challenges in contemporary tropical forestry, that is, sustainable tropical forestry management is becoming increasingly complex due to improved knowledge and a growing demand for products and services.
See: http://www.sutrofor.net

MSc European Forestry
Two-year double degree program co-organized by the following six European universities: BOKU (Austria), Freiburg (Germany), Joensuu (Finland), Lleida (Spain), SLU (Sweden), Wageningen (The Netherlands). Ddeadline for applications 31 December 2006 Read full paper...

20/ Register now for the international conference on indicators for sustainable forest management

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-10-02 00:00:00]

The online registration form for the international conference on indicators for sustainable forest management is now opened. This conference will take place in Porto (Portugal). It will be the opportunity to make the state of the art on this topic after FORSEE project, and in other countries (japan, south africa, switzerland, , ….) and discuss about sustainable forest management concept.

After a few introductives presentations on indicators for sustainable forest management, scientific and technical studies will let us improve their relevance, definitions, and implementation. This conference will deal with all the aspects of forest sustainability : forest health, socioeconomics, soil protection, and of course carbon stock and biodiversity monitoring.

Welcome in Porto!

Read full paper...

19/ Large wildfire in Galicia

Posted byA. Merino, USC Lugo [2006-09-01 00:00:00]

Galicia suffered from an outbreak of forest fires during the first fifteen days of August. 1970 forest fires were registered; the burned area is more than 80 000 ha, which represents 3 % of Galicia’s surface and 4% of its forest surface. The volume of burned wood reaches more than 5,5 millions cubic metres. The most affected districts were Pontevedra and Coruña where we can find 80% of the burned surface.

Forest fires are a frequent problem in this area. During the last 10 year the average burned area by year is of 30 329ha. In 1989 the burned areas almost reached the 200 000ha. There are several and complex reasons for this phenomenon. On one hand there are environmental conditions on this region that help the development of forest fires. The soft temperatures and strong rains during spring favour the development of a great quantity of biomass which dries during summer. This year the situation was aggravated by the strong temperatures associated with the Read full paper...

18/ A new Master’s Program on Forest Policy and Economics for the Balkan region

Posted byMr. Tomi Tuomasjukka [2006-08-21 00:00:00]

A unique Master’s Program on Forest Policy and Economics for the Balkan region of South-Eastern Europe has been delineated at the European Forest Institute. The EFI Forest Policy and Economics Education and Research-team (FOPER) has done ground breaking work with representatives of several universities throughout the Balkans. The curriculum will be submitted to national accreditation processes in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia. Croatia and Montenegro are also actively involved in the process
The curriculum was designed by an international expert team in close cooperation with regional project partners. The team leader was Dr. Ewald Rametsteiner from the EFI Project Centre INNOFORCE. The team based its work on a training needs’ assessment carried out in 2005. Additional stakeholder consultations were held both in national and regional events.
The Master’s Program wi Read full paper...

17/ Update of IEFC Forest Pest and Diseases Guide

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-07-06 00:00:00]

A new card has been added to the electronic version of the IEFC plagues and diseases guide. It is a pathogen that has damaged thousands of hectares of Pine Radiata in the United States, the Fusarium cincinatum. This specie is highly pathogen and has entered in Europe trough the Bask Country where it was reported for the first time in a nursery by the end of the eighties. Today, it does not only affects plants, but also adult stands. The Pine Radiata is specially threaten by this fungus, but tests have shown it can affect all pines.

Consult card: www.iefc.net

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16/ The members of the ICFPA have signed an agreement on the sustainable development

Posted byC. orazio [2006-07-01 00:00:00]

The ICFPA (the International Council for the forest and pulp associations) announced that its members have signed an historical agreement on the sustainable development. 58 managers of the member societies have thus engaged to promote the forest management around the world, to combat the abusive felling, to encourage the recycling, to manage the environment and to invest on the communities and on men. The ICFPA regroups the associations from 43 countries and its members represent the majority of the wood, pulp and paper producers.

Source : ICFPA
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15/ EU action plan for the sustainable forest management

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-06-27 00:00:00]

This action plan was adopted on June 15th 2006. It is based on the report about the implementation of the forest strategy of the EU and the conclusions of the Council.

The action plan is centred on four main objectives: (1) to improve the long term competitiveness; (2) to improve and protect the environment; (3) to contribute to a better life quality; and (4) to favour the coordination and communication. Lasting for five years (2007-2011), the action plan consists on main eighteen actions that the Commission proposes to implement together with the State members.

Source : European Commission
Read full paper...

14/ Meeting CONFOREST - IEFC: The debate!

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-05-30 00:00:00]

Following the request done by the members of the EFI project CONFOREST regarding the objective study of the conversion of regular coniferous forests into forests closer to nature, several members of the IEFC have travelled to Freeburg to defend the advantages of the cultivated forest, even if intensively cultivated.
After a field tour in the black forest, in the middle of the irregular fir-spruces forest, there were two days of intensive work in Freeburg, divided between the research centre Baden Württemberg and the University of Freeburg.
About forty people participated on this event which was developed on three stages: A series of presentations with a partisan of the conversion and a opponent, A series of round tables to identify the fundamental notions of the debate, A session dedicated to the outputs of the discussions with the workgroups and its synthesis. On each of these stages the following subjects were evoked: forest production, inventories, forestheal Read full paper...

13/ Consultation on the draft research agenda for Theme 8 “Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities” in the 7th Community RTD Framework Programme (2007-2013)

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-05-30 00:00:00]

This consultation invites the public, and notably the scientific community, to comment on the draft research agenda for the dedicated socio-economic sciences and humanities part of the next Framework Programme for EU research (FP7). The consultation covers only Theme 8 of the ‘Cooperation’ specific programme, entitled ‘Socio-economic sciences and the humanities’. Its objectives are:
To generate an in-depth, shared understanding of complex and interrelated socio-economic challenges Europe is confronted with, such as growth, employment and competitiveness, social cohesion and sustainability, quality of life, education, cultural issues and global interdependence, in particular with the view of providing an improved knowledge base for policies in the fields concerned.
This draft research agenda builds on earlier consultations, the progress of researc Read full paper...

12/ Phoenix Project Center has a website

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-05-10 00:00:00]

In May 2005, the European Forest Institute (EFI) approved the creation of the Regional Project Centre PHOENIX (2005-2009), a consortium of EFI member institutions and other relevant partners carrying out specific research on fire ecology and post-fire management. The consortium currently includes 12 members from Mediterranean countries.

The objectives of the consortium are: (1) to obtain a sound database gathering the state-of-the-art of existing scientific knowledge concerning the fire characteristics of the different forest types and respective species; (2) to develop a set of criteria which can be used to classify forest types in terms of the associated fire hazard and resilience; (3) to define the potential and limitation of the various post-fire management options; (4) to help developing the transfer mechanisms needed between research and its application by end-users in this specific issue.


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11/ INERCO has developed an innovating solution to produce heat from the pruning waste.

Posted byDenis Herail [2006-02-28 00:00:00]

The company Ingeneria Energetica y de contaminacion (INERCO) is developing a project based on the gasification using the pruning waste has fuel.
This initiative is the first one of this type at the industrial scale in Andalusia. It will need the development of a device creating heat thanks to biomass, using the branches and leafs as fuel. This innovation called gasification of boiling fluid uses a solid ecological fuel and produces the gas that feeds heater producing 2 tones of hot water at 120. C. Quite economic for the company, it will save part of the oil currently used which is more expensive and polluting. Working 7500 hours by ear, we will be able to produce the equivalent to the consumption of more than 620 homes on one year. The gasification will allow the future implementation on small centrals, decomposing the biomass to create the thermic or electric energy;

For more information, contacts:
INERCO, Read full paper...

10/ Drones for the forest monitoring against forest fires in Portugal.

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-03-29 00:00:00]

Launched by the Agency for the Innovation (ADI), the call for tenders aiming to supply to Portugal aeroplanes without passengers in order to fight against forest fires has finished in the beginning of February. The ADI is currently examining all presented projects during the call for tenders, resulting from a protocol between three Portuguese ministries (Economy and Innovation, Internal Administration and Science and Technology). On all, thirteen consortiums answered this call, gathering 29 companies, 12 Universities and Polytechnic schools, 2 associated laboratories, 2 State laboratories and 2 technological centres. Being presented has drones; the same used by the army, these aeroplanes will detect the growing fires, confirm the existing fires and monitor their evolution. They will be equipped with video cameras and devices with infrared radiance. Besides the forest fires, these plans could also be used for other actions in the forest management sector. T Read full paper...

9/ The EFI has created the regional Offices

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-03-29 00:00:00]

Since the month of September the EFI is no longer a Finish association but it is now a intergovernmental organisation. Today, 10 out of the 20 States that have signed the convention of the EFI in 2003 have confirmed it. The EFI is now in a European authority position of reference for all questions related with forestry and forest research.

This new status brings with it some demands from the signatory States, mainly if they are financers. Until today, all the fix incomings of the EFI came from the Finish State, thus it was logical that the management of this organisation was done in Finland. However, the Spanish State has declared to be ready to contribute financially to the EFI; the negotiations took place to finally conclude by a “Regional Office”. The difference from the current regional centres which have no structural link with the EFI, they are only linked by a convention stating the content of the activities to be carried out, is that the regional o Read full paper...

8/ The opinion of the Social and Economic European Committee about “The sustainable development in agriculture, forestry and fishery faced with the challenges of climatic change” (2006/C 69/02).

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-03-27 00:00:00]

The climatic change is a question that will affect all the economic sectors, and specially, the agriculture and fishery. Europe is preparing itself, and we can see it through the consideration regarding the usage of fertilizers, water, and the resources in general for which there are several stakes. It is interesting that the social and economic council considers the forest research in advance about these questions, and also that the risk management is put in advance: forest fires, insects, storms. Among the questions approached there are those concerning the forest catastrophes, the problematic of wood energy, the impact on the carbon stock… The opinions ate quite cl Read full paper...

7/ Newsletter to EFI Project Centres, March 2006

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-03-26 00:00:00]


SAB The Scientific Advisory Board of EFI met in Vienna on 13-14 February. The meeting was for the first time chaired by SAB's new Chairman, Prof. Ted Farrell (Ireland). As of 1.1.2006, new members Michael Köhl (Germany) and Americo Carvalho Mendes (Portugal), joined the SAB, as the former Chairman Frits Mohren (Netherlands), and Jari Kuuluvainen (Finland) stepped down at the end of 2005. Among issues discussed at the SAB meeting were: the first steps of EFI as an international organisation: the new vision stating EFI's basic function: (i) research (ii) networking (iii) advocating forest research and (iv) provider of information on forests at the pan-European level. the forthcoming mid-term review of the Project Centres. More detailed information on this will follow soon under separate cover. At large, the mid-term review process used last time in 2002/2003 will be followed again, with minor modifications. A Read full paper...

6/ The Strategic research Agenda of the Forest sector was published by the European Technology Platform

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-03-23 00:00:00]

The Strategic Agenda of RDT for the Forest sector was published by the European Technology Platform. This document is the result of two years consultation of more than 700 proposals coming from the forest sector in its large sense, going from forest management to paper and packs, passing by timber wood and wood-energy. Representatives from all areas gathered the national support groups, including industries, forest owners, public organisations and participated actively to this initiative, as also the representatives of the European Union.
This agenda it’s an ambitious initiative resulting from a public private partnership on which the forest world was mainly represented by the EFI.
This document is of main importance for the research/development of the forest sector, as it will serve as a basis and framework to the European Union for the funding the next 7th PCRD framework programme 2007-2013.
It results from th Read full paper...

5/ On March the 14th 2006 the IEFC has organized a workshop about the future oportunities regarding the interregional cooperation of the forest paper sector

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-03-22 00:00:00]

Mr. François Maitia, Vice president of the Conseil Régional d’Aquitaine and responsible for the agriculture and fishery and the transnational cooperation, was the Chairman of this meeting. During this workshop opened by the chairman, Mr. Maitia, about forty partners from Aquitaine, Navarre, Spanish Bask Country, Castilla y Léon, Galicia , Portugal, Ireland and Finland, were able to follow the presentations showing the complexity of the European institutions, and the difficulty for the stakeholders of the forest wood paper sector to part in the interregional cooperation: Presentation of the regions of Knowledge, European tool for the cooperation between regional financiers, by Mr. Vigne from INNOVALIS Aquitaine, Presentation of the future of the INTERREG programme, by Mr. Arrivé from the Conseil Regional d’Aquitaine, Prese Read full paper...

4/ The IEFC presidence has gone from Portugal to Spain

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-03-22 00:00:00]

March 13th, Maison de la Forêt (Bordeaux, Aquitaine)
The IEFC – European Institute of the Cultivated Forest – has renewed its administration board and elected its new President, M. Inazio Martinez from the Bask forest and agronomy research institute NEIKER, succeeding to the 4 years of president of Margarida Tomé, Professor of the Agronomy Institute of the Technical University of Lisbon.
During this assembly the projects and events organised by the IEFC were presented :
The FORSEE Project: A network of pilot zones to evaluate de feasibility, the pertinence and the cost of the indicators for the sustainable forest management. This project benefits from the European funding of the INTERREG IIIB programme, Atlantic area. It is the main project of the IEFC in Aquitaine and it is supported by the Conseil Régional d’Aquitaine for a period of three years and half. Within the framework of this project, about thirty indic Read full paper...

3/ Dr. Antoine Kremer has been awarded the 2006 Marcus Wallenberg prize

Posted byC.Orazio [2006-03-22 00:00:00]

Dr. Antoine Kremer has been awarded the 2006 Marcus Wallenberg prize for his pioneering discovery of the evolution, organization and distribution of the genetic diversity of Pan-European oaks.
His breakthrough is in the combination of information from a number of different sciences at their current state-of-the-art level (from molecular genetics to evolutionary history of forests) to develop new knowledge about oaks at a continental scale. This knowledge will provide a major platform to facilitate decisions about the conservation and management of forests. It also allows prediction of likely future changes under the impact of climate and environmental changes.
Dr. Kremer's individual researches and synthesis may be applicable to other species throughout the world including industrial indigenous conifers such as those in northern Russia. The techniques will also have relevance to the introduction, management, improvement and use of exotic species Read full paper...

2/ Forest surfaces and volumes by specie in Europe

Posted byC. Orazio [2006-02-21 00:00:00]

Within the framework of the integrated project EFORWOOD, it is necessary to evaluate the importance of each forest species that we can find in Europe, in order to identify those that are considered as a priority in the models used for the project. This was, thus, the occasion to compile information from several sources, which was gathered by ALTERRA, corresponding to the forest surfaces of species by country. This activity is always delicate given the fact that it is impossible to find synchronous data, and the definition of a stand can change from one country to another. However, as an indication, it seems interesting to publish the table bellow (excluding Chypre and Malte). We thus see that the pines with 41 millions hectares and 5 bilions of cubic metres represent the dominating genus in Europe, with more than 30% of the anual growth, ahead of the spruce. Afterwards comes the oak, followed-up by far by the beech, birch, alder, chestnut and eucalyptus. When we focus on the p Read full paper...

1/ Best Wishes from de IEFC

Posted byOrazio Christophe [2005-12-20 00:00:00]

Happy new year 2006 !!!!!!!!
Best wishes of success for the projects and conferences that will take place this year.

After several months without publishing the letter of the IEFC, this association has reorganized its communication. From now on, there will be brief news posted continually on the IEFC web page, and a synthesis of these informations will be sent to all the recipients of the IEFC. Everyone can contribute and send their messages to secretariat of the IEFC and soon trough a form on line.
This change is followed by the cancellation of the IEFC diffusion lists which were not frequently used. All those registered on the diffusions lists and the subscribers of the IEFC letter will now be gathered on the new format of the IEFC letter.

As you can see on the agenda of 2006, this year is presented as quite rich in events, between the meeting of th Read full paper...