Soil protection – Institut Européen de la Forêt Cultivée
Ecosystem services Soil protection
21 September 2021

Valuing Ecosystem Services provided by Complex Forests in Spain, France and Portugal

• The objective is to leverage complex forests as a climate-smart strategy to mitigate climate change and promote biodiversity.
• Provide a classification of the benefits provided by complex forests as well as a decision tree tool to guide local development stakeholders and policy-makers regarding appropriate valuation methods.